#1 Research the proper tools
There are many different types of shovels and snow blowers to choose from but you should choose wisely. Take time to look at reviews before purchasing.
#2 What to wear
Always dress in layers so as you heat up, you can remove a layer. Wear something that is both comfortable and will keep you warm yet loose fitting so you are able to move easily.
#3 Know when not to shovel
If you have already had a heart attack or are susceptible to one, don’t shovel.
If you live a sedentary lifestyle, don’t start with shoveling.
If you have or had a major back injury, don’t shovel.
#4 Warm Up
Your muscles should be well stretched before starting to shovel snow. Tight, cold muscles will be more likely to cramp or sprain.
#5 Posture Matters
Your grip should be about 12 inches apart when you grab the handle of your shovel.
The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons recommends: “If you must lift the snow, lift it properly. Squat with your legs apart, knees bent and back straight. Lift with your legs. Do not bend at the waist. Scoop small amounts of snow into the shovel and walk to where you want to dump it. Holding a shovel of snow with your arms outstretched puts too much weight on your spine. Never remove deep snow all at once; do it piecemeal. Shovel an inch or two; then take another inch off. Rest and repeat if necessary.”
#5 No Pain No Gain
Not true in this case. If you feel pain-stop!
Know when to stop and rest.
#6 Hydration Station
Stay hydrated! Take frequent breaks and make sure you have water or Gatorade nearby.